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Wafer Inspection Machine


The client, a wafer die manufacturer, wanted a machine to inspect wafers for die alignment, surface defects, contamination, and dimple depths. Our machine afforded the client flexibility since it could be configured as an inline or standalone machine.
The machine must be able to detect specific size and unique patterns on the wafer. Accordingly, specially customized image processing routines had to be developed to detect and characterize the various defects and patterns found in the wafers.


Inline inspection allowed wafers to be inspected as part of the production process, sieving out reject dies, thus ensuring good final product quality. Standalone inspection allowed for batch processing and ad-hoc inspection, located offline from the production flow, thus allowing flexibility in shop floor layout.
  • Use of high resolution, auto-zoom optics to achieve sub-micron accuracy in the measurement of die misalignment and surface defects
  • Incorporation of various customized image processing techniques to enable the machine to detect glue smears, contaminants, scratches, dents and missing features
  • Ability to measure dimple depths with a resolution of 2nm
  • Ability to tap wafer contour with a resolution of 0.1 micron
  • Application of high precision linear motor stages that enables the machine to achieve high-speed positioning

outcomes and benefits

The wafer inspection machine developed by our team allowed for the switching of inspections of different product types automatically. Furthermore, the inspection sampling scheme was user-configurable.
Through this new machine, the client could conduct better quality control on its wafer dies, as the machine can consistently detect and classify defects not discernible to the human eye. Moreover, the defects are detected at a much faster rate using the machine than human, thus reducing manpower requirements for the client.
Variable Machine Configuration Gives Customer Flexibility on Shop Floor
Consumer Products
Technical Capabilities
Inspection & Testing Micro Precision Applications Vision Applications
Door Hinge Robots 2


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